Issue Background

There are a number of problems that have arisen as a result of audits conducted by the Workplace Safety & Insurance Board (WSIB) on businesses that are members of the NACCB. These problems include:

  1. Lack of clarity on whether incorporated subcontractors should be considered workers, or independent operators for the sake of workers’ compensation coverage.
  2. An extremely complex, subjective, and administratively cumbersome methodology for evaluating whether incorporated subcontractors are to be considered workers or independent operators by the WSIB.
  3. Retroactive determination by the WSIB that such incorporated subcontractors should be considered workers, resulting in large, retroactive increases in WSIB premiums that cannot be accounted for, nor charged back to clients, but must simply be absorbed by our association members who have been subject to such audits.
  4. Potential tax implications for our incorporated subcontractors should the WSIB’s position remain unchanged that they should be considered to be workers of our association members. Obviously this will be of grave concern to our incorporated subcontractors, but also to our association members due to the potential impact on our costs and as a result, the pricing of our services.
  5. A very lengthy, costly and time consuming appeal process should individual members of our association decide to appeal, or challenge the decisions about the status of incorporated subcontractors made by the WSIB in these audits.
  6. Potential challenges of the WSIB’s position on coverage for incorporated subcontractors should there be, for example, a fatal accident involving one of them. A surviving spouse (and/or his/her children), could make a very serious, and legitimate challenge of the WSIB’s position that these incorporated subcontractors are workers, a position which appears to contravene the Workplace Safety & Insurance Act.  Such a challenge would be made with a view to having the seriously injured, or deceased spouse declared an independent operator in order to open up the way to pursue legal action against whatever association member retained the injured contractor, the association member’s client, or one or more workers of the association member’s client.


NACCB representatives met with WSIB officials, sent correspondence and generally worked within the business community to raise public awareness of this issue and help formulate a response. As a result of the NACCB consultation process, WSIB did make a number of concessions in the guidelines for WSIB decision-makers.  To date 11 NACCB members have appealed and won rulings of independent contractor status.

The NACCB drafted a White Paper which was submitted to the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board of Ontario – Coverage Review Consultations. This paper described:

Copies of this paper are available to NACCB members in the Members Only area.